Literature Review

This section documents modelling choices from other studies in this region or similar regions. It inlcudes an outline of choices in grid type, resolution, bottom friction, and turbulence closure.

Study Region Model Horizontal Grid Vertical Grid Horizontal Mixing Vertical Mixing Bottom Friction
Sutherland et al (2011) Salish Sea and Puget Sound ROMS
  • min 280 m res
  • 20 terrain-following
  • smoothing dh/h<0.4
  • constant diff 2 m2/s
  • no explicit viscosity
  • k-eps with Canuto A functions
  • background diff/visc 5e-6 m2/s
  • quadratic 3e-3
Masson and Cummins (2004) Salish Sea POM
  • 2km res
  • 31 sigma levels
  • Smagorinsky
  • sensitivity to HORCON
  • HORCON = 0.03 or 0.06
  • Mellor Yamada 2.5
 
Foreman et al (2012) Discovery Islands FVCOM
  • triangular
  • 21 sigma levels
  • smoothing dh/h<0.6
  • Smagorinsky
  • coefficient 0.2
  • q-eps (Tian and Chen, 2006)
  • background diff/visc 1e-6 m2/s
  • log layer
  • roughness 0.001
  • min 0.0025
Stacey et al (1995) Knight Inlet 2D    
  • constant diff/visc
  • choosen for stability
  • Mellor Yamada 2.5
  • adjustment for internal waves
  • quadratic
Foreman et al (2006) Broughton Archipelago ELCIRC  
  • z-coordinate
  • smoothing dh/h<1
 
  • GLS
  • quadratic 0.003
Foreman et al (2009) Broughton Archipelago FVCOM
  • triangular
  • 21 sigma levels
  • higher res at surface
  • higher res at bottom
  • Smagorinksy
  • coefficient 0.2
  • Mellor Yamada 2.5
  • background diff 1e-6 m2/s
  • surface wave mixing param
  • log layer
  • cd0 = 0.003
  • roughness=0.005m
MacCready et al (2009) Columbia River estuary ROMS
  • 400m res plume & estuary
  • s-coordinate
  • smoothing dh/h<0.8
  • 20 sigma levels
 
  • GLS
  • K-eps with Canuto A functions
  • background diff/visc 5e-6 m2/s
  • log layer
  • quadratic 3e-3
Baptista et al (2005) Columbia River ELCIRC within CORIE  
  • z-coordinate
 
  • kkl closure
  • max diff 5e-5 m2/s
  • spatially varying
    cd0

References

  • Foreman et al (2006). Estuarine and Tidal Currents in the Broughton Archipelago. Atmosphere-Ocean.
  • Foreman et al (2009). A finite volume model simulation for the Broughton Archipelago, Canada. Ocean Modelling.
  • Foreman et al (2012). A Circulation Model for the Discovery Islands, British Columbia. Atmosphere-Ocean.
  • Masson and Cummins (2004). Observations and modeling of seasonal variability in the Straits of Georgia and Juan de Fuca. Journal of Marine Research.
  • Sutherland et al (2011). A Model Study of the Salish Sea Estuarine Circulation. Journal of Physical Oceanography.
  • Stacey et al (1995). A Numerical Model of the Circulation in Knight Inlet, British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Physical Oceanography.
  • MacCready et al (2009). A model study of tide- and wind-induced mixing in the Columbia River Estuary and plume. Continental Shelf Research.
  • Baptista et al (2005). A cross-scale model for 3D baroclinic circulation in estuary-plume-shelf systems: II. Application to the Columbia River. Continental Shelf Research.